Home » Profit  » Difference Between Accounting Profit and Economic Profit

# Difference Between Accounting Profit and Economic Profit:

## Accounting Profit:

There is no satisfactory definition of the term profit. Generally profit of a firm is defined as:

"The access of revenue over its current costs".

The word cost carries different meanings with economists and accountants. In accounting:

The term Profit equals total revenue - explicit costs.

This is the profit used by accountants to determine a firm's taxable income. Explicit costs are the actual cash payments for resources purchased in resource markets. These are the rent paid on land and plant and equipment, wages to labor, interest on capital, cost of raw material, transport charges etc., etc. When all these explicit costs are subtracted from the firm's total revenue, we get  accounting profit.

### Formula For Accounting Profit:

Accounting Profit = Total Revenue - Explicit Costs

### Example of Accounting Profit:

Accounting profit is explained by taking a simple example. Let us suppose, the total revenue of a firm from the sale of goods in 2006 is \$90000. Its costs on the purchase of raw material, payment of wages and other utilities i.e., explicit costs are \$35000. The firms accounting profit will be \$55000.

Total sales revenue.............\$90000

Cost of raw material = \$15000

Wages to labor and other utilities = \$20000

Accounting profit = \$90000 - (\$15000 + \$20000) = \$55000

(Total Revenue - Explicit Cost)

When depreciation charges of capital equipment used by the firm and the amount of money paid to the government as taxes is deducted from gross profit or Accounting profit, we get net profit of accountants.

## Economic Profit:

Economic profit is different from accounting profit. Accounting profit ignores the opportunity cost of the firm's own resources used in the production of goods. The economist include these costs named as implicit costs while determining the total cost of production.

"If a firm's total revenue exceeds all its economic costs both explicit and Implicit, the residual which goes to the entrepreneur is called an economic or pure profit".

Thus economic profit equals total revenue less all costs both explicit and implicit.

A firm's Implicit costs are the opportunity costs of using its self owned, self employed resources. Implicit cost include use of firm's own building, use of its own capital, and the business owners time given for the production of goods. While determining the total costs, the money payments which these self employed resources could have earned in their best alternative uses should be worked at and added in cost. The implicit costs are in a way opportunity costs. Economic profit takes into account the opportunity costs of  all resources used in production. Implicit costs also include normal profit earned by a firm.

Normal profit is the minimum amount required to keep on entrepreneur engaged in the present line of production.

### Formula For Economic Profit:

Economic Profit = Total revenue - (Explicit Cost + Implicit Cost)

### Example of Economic Profit:

Suppose a person uses, his own resources, land, capital, his own time in the production of goods. The opportunity costs of these resources is included below in finding out economic profit of the firm.

Accounting Profit = \$55000

Entrepreneur's own forgone salary  = \$40000

Foregone interest on capital = \$1000

Foregone rent = \$2000

Economic Profit = \$12000

Summing Up:

(a) Accounting profit is the firm's total revenue less its explicit costs (b) Economic profit to the economist is the total revenue of a firm less explicit and implicit cost.

Implicit cost includes normal profit to attract and retain an entrepreneur engaged in the present line of production.

## Relevant Articles:

 » Definition of Profit » Difference Between Accounting Profit and Economic Profit » Theories of Profit » Should Profit Be Controlled

 Principles and Theories of Micro Economics Definition and Explanation of Economics Theory of Consumer Behavior Indifference Curve Analysis of Consumer's Equilibrium Theory of Demand Theory of Supply Elasticity of Demand Elasticity of Supply Equilibrium of Demand and Supply Economic Resources Scale of Production Laws of Returns Production Function Cost Analysis Various Revenue Concepts Price and output Determination Under Perfect Competition Price and Output Determination Under Monopoly Price and Output Determination Under Monopolistic/Imperfect Competition Theory of Factor Pricing OR Theory of Distribution Rent Wages Interest Profits
 Principles and Theories of Macro Economics National Income and Its Measurement Principles of Public Finance Public Revenue and Taxation National Debt and Income Determination Fiscal Policy Determinants of the Level of National Income and Employment Determination of National Income Theories of Employment Theory of International Trade Balance of Payments Commercial Policy
 Development and Planning Economics Introduction to Development Economics Features of Developing Countries Economic Development and Economic Growth Theories of Under Development Theories of Economic Growth Agriculture and Economic Development Monetary Economics and Public Finance History of Money